Henry I. Smith
The information listed below is current as of the date the transcript was finalized.
Abstract of Interview
Henry I. Smith begins the interview with a description of his childhood in New Jersey, his early aptitude in science, and his decision to pursue the sciences. After obtaining an undergraduate degree at Holy Cross College, Smith enrolled in Boston College Graduate School to pursue his interest in physics. Upon receiving his master's degree, Smith took a research position at the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory (AFCRL) in order to fulfill his ROTC requirement. At AFCRL he worked with top scientists and proved himself an able researcher. Smith returned to Boston College following his stint at the Air Force to pursue his PhD. His research in x-ray diffraction formed the basis for his pioneering work on x-ray lithography later in his career. While working at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Smith realized the importance of fabrication technology and submitted a grant proposal to the National Science Foundation for building a national research and fabrication center. Despite his unsuccessful proposal, Smith established a Submicron Structures Laboratory with MIT funding. Migrating to MIT's campus, Smith investigated a variety of lithography methods such as x-ray, conformable photomask, interferiometric immersion-projection, and zone plate array lithography. He concludes the interview by offering some insights on the semiconductor industry, and how to best develop a research culture that stimulates innovation.
|1958||College of the Holy Cross||BS||Physics|
US Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Member of American Physical Society
Member of Sigma Xi
Member of Materials Research Society (MRS)
Member of American Vacuum Society (AVS)
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Fellow
Member of National Academy of Engineering
Member of Optical Society of America (OSA)
IEEE Cledo Brunetti Award
The International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) Bacus Award
Table of Contents
Interest in science. Developing hobbies. Understanding chemistry.
Undergraduate degree at College of the Holy Cross. Master's and PhD in physics at Boston College. Research at the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory. High pressure physics at Boston College.
Interest in fabrication technology. Origins of nanofabrication. National Science Foundation funding. Influence of Jay Harris leading to proposal for National Research and Resources Facility for Submicron Structures (NRRFSS). Building the Submicron Structure Laboratory with MIT funding.
Working at Lincoln Laboratory and MIT campus simultaneously. Finding funding.
Organizational cultures conducive to research. Attending Gordon Research Conferences. Feelings toward semiconductor industry.
Thoughts on different lithography techniques. Cultural obstacles to entrepreneurship in Japan.
About the Interviewer
Cyrus Mody is an assistant professor of history at Rice University. Prior to that position he was the manager of the Nanotechnology and Innovation Studies programs in the Center for Contemporary History and Policy at the Chemical Heritage Foundation. He has a bachelor’s degree in mechanical and materials engineering from Harvard University and a PhD in science and technology studies from Cornell. He was the 2004–2005 Gordon Cain Fellow at CHF before becoming a program manager. Mody has published widely on the history and sociology of materials science, instrumentation, and nanotechnology.