The information listed below is current as of the date the transcript was finalized.
Abstract of Interview
Martin Latterich was born in Hamburg, Germany, though lived in Mönchengladbach, Germany until he left for college. His mother, a trained chemist who worked in quality control at a company that manufactured perfume, had a congenital kidney defect that required treatment, so Latterich spent a lot of time with his maternal grandmother, who was an accountant, and his maternal grandfather, who was an artist trained at Düsseldorf Art Academy and who started his own arts and graphics business. From a young age he was interested in his mother's work, like gas chromatography and atomic absorption spectroscopy, visiting her at her office often. With a proclivity towards science and technology, Latterich spent much of his youth performing his own experiments (with chemistry sets and the like) and taking apart pieces of electronics. In high school he entered and placed in the Jugend Forscht, a National Young Scientists Competition, with work on cadmium: he studied the toxicity of cadmium—when in ionic form compared to when taken up as an organometallic complex—in algae and in Daphnia (water fleas). Latterich chose to attend Durham University in the United Kingdom for his undergraduate degree, during which time he undertook an undergraduate research project studying pathogenesis mechanisms and crown gall tumors with Charles Shaw. For the summer after his second year at college he worked under John Boyle at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund in Manchester, England on exonucleases: he wanted experience in mammalian-type cell biology/biochemistry, which he felt Durham could not offer (its strongest focus was in plant sciences). Latterich decided to stay at Durham for his graduate degree since he was interested in working with Martin Watson and on lysosome vacuole biogenesis. He met Randy W. Schekman and decided to go to his laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, as a postdoctoral fellow in order to research vesicular movements in intracellular transport. From there he accepted a position at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. After some time in the academy, he decided to move into industry to gain access to resources unavailable at a university, first working for Diversa Corporation and then for Illunina, Incorporated. Ultimately, though, he chose to return to academia and accepted a position at McGill University in Montreal, Québec, Canada, researching membrane-fusion elements required for intracellular transport. During the interview Latterich discusses his family life and his career, especially his wife and daughter; setting up his various labs; learning about the history of science; and the practical applications of Latterich's research. He also talks about his funding history; the process of writing journal articles; product development in industrial science; scientific collaborations between the academy and industry; and his role on scientific advisory boards. The interview concludes with Latterich's thoughts on the privatization of research; morality and scientific research; the role of the scientist in educating the public about science; science and religion; and the role of the Pew Scholars Program in the Biomedical Sciences in his work.
|1989||University of Durham||BSc||Molecular Biology and Biochemistry|
|1992||University of Durham||PhD||Molecular Cell Biology|
Imperial Cancer Research Fund
University of California, Berkeley
The Salk Institute for Biological Studies
University of California, San Diego
Montreal Proteomics Network
First and third prize in national young scientist competition, Jugend Forscht, Germany
Verband der Chemischen Industrie book-prize for best chemistry student, Germany
Best Graduate Student of the decade, Durham, United Kingdom
NATO collaborative travel grant
|1989 to 1992||
Science and Engineering Research Council award
American Cancer Society, California Division, Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship
Basil O'Connor Starter Scholar Research Award
|1998 to 2002||
Pew Scholar Award in Biomedical Sciences
Organizer and Chairman, Third International Conference on the Cell Biology of AAA proteins, La Jolla, California
|2001 to 2005||
Editor-in-chief, Preteome Science
Tier I Canada Research Chair
|2004 to 2005||
Co-chair, Human Systems Biology Graduate Stream
Organizer and Chairman, Eighth International AAA Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Table of Contents
Growing up in Mönchengladbach, Germany. Family background. Mother's career. Early interest in science. Influential biology teacher. Childhood experiences. Interest in reading. Creativity in science. Religion. Early schooling. German educational system. High school experiences.
Attends Durham University in England. Parental expectations. College experiences. Undergraduate project on crown gall tumors under Charles Shaw. Shaw's laboratory. Work with John Boyle at Christie Hospital for the Imperial Cancer Research Fund. Social life in college. Attends graduate school at Durham University working for Martin Watson. Watson's laboratorymanagement style. Doctoral work on lysosome vacuole biogenesis.
Meets and works for Randy Schekman as a postdoctoral fellow. Postdoctoral research on vesicular movements in intracellular transport. Randy Schekman's laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley. Schekman's mentoring style. Berkeley. Meets and marries future wife. Accepts a position at the Salk Institutefor Biological Studies. Wife and daughter. Setting up his lab. Learning about the history of science. Research on the membrane-fusion elements required for intracellular transport.
Practical applications of research. Teaching responsibilities. Administrative duties. Funding history. Writing journal articles. Laboratory management style. Professional duties. Balancing family and career. Leisure activities. Diversa Corporation. Setting up his laboratory at Diversa Corporation. Moves to Illunina, Incorporated. Role at Illumina. Decision to return to academia. Product development in industrial science. Accepts a position at McGill University.
Setting up laboratory at McGill University. Grant-writing process. Role in the lab. Tenure at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies. Tenure at McGill University. Teaching responsibilities. Travel commitments. Administrative duties. Typical workday. Patents. Scientific collaborations between academia and industry. Scientific advisory boards. Competition in science.
Morality and scientific research. Role of the scientist in educating the public about science. Science and religion. Gender. Minority representation in science. Pew Scholars Program in the Biomedical Sciences. Mentoring.