Carroll A. Hochwalt
The information listed below is current as of the date the transcript was finalized.
Abstract of Interview
Carroll A. Hochwalt begins with his early years in Dayton, Ohio, including his student days at the University of Dayton. This is followed by his work with Charles Kettering and Thomas Midgley, Jr., at Dayton Metal Products, where Hochwalt was a significant contributor to the development of lead tetraethyl and other antiknock compounds. In the central portion of the interview Hochwalt focuses on the Hochwalt and Thomas Laboratories, its development into a large consulting research operation, the clients it served, and the products it developed. The interview concludes with Hochwalt's association with the Monsanto Company and his role in the company's research management.
|1922||University of Dayton||BChE|
|1935||University of Dayton||DSc|
Dayton Metal Products Company
General Motors Corporation
Ethyl Gasoline Corporation
Thomas and Hochwalt Laboratories
St. Louis Research Council
St. Louis Regional Industrial Development Corporation
St. Louis Regional Commerce and Growth Association
Midwest Award, American Chemical Society, St. Louis Section
Honorary DSc, Washington University
Knight of Malta, Pope Paul VI
Honorary DSc, St. Louis University
Distinguished Alumnus Award, University of Dayton
Brotherhood Citation, National Conference of Christians and Jews (St. Louis)
Cardinal Gibbons Award, Catholic University of America
Society of Chemical Industry Medal (American Section)
Table of Contents
German ancestry. Parents, and father's authorship of books on sporting dogs and historical fiction. Brothers. High school education at St. Mary's Institute. Decision to study chemical engineering.
St. Mary's Institute (University of Dayton). Professor Wohlleben. Courses and textbooks. Summer work at Dayton Metal Products. Charles Kettering. Thomas Midgley, Jr. T. A. Boyd. Degree in chemical engineering. PhD thesis.
Work on antiknock compounds. Lead tetraethyl. Cyclohexane pilot plant. Catalyst research. Octane number development. Kettering's leadership. Lead poisoning. Marriage. Early personal objectives. Charles A. Thomas. Use of bromides to remove engine lead residues.
Formation. Development of fire extinguisher. Competitors. Contract with General Motors. Synthetic Rubber. Freon refrigerant. Ad in Fortune. Working relationship with Thomas. Crap game used to get payroll funds. Morton Salt. Lynn Watt. Origin of Monsanto connection as customers. Carbon remover for the Alemite Corporation. Synthetic detergents. Edgar Queeny. Purchase of Thomas and Hochwalt by Monsanto.
Independence. Service on Executive Committee. Monsanto in the late 1930s. Development of synthetic detergents and fibers. Styrene pilot plant in Dayton. Acrylonitrile pilot plant in Dayton. The detergent All and Westinghouse.
Standard of New Jersey. General Motors. Santolube. Mead Paper Company. Ault and Wiborg Printing Company. National Distillers Company and quick-aged whiskey. Orange peel in laquers. Consulting fees. Laboratory fire. Staff recruitment.
Moving Monsanto into petrochemicals, detergents, and fibers. Rubber Reserve. Styrene production in World War II. Development of Acrilan. Chemstrand. Comparisons between directing research at Thomas and Hochwalt and Monsanto.
Bikini atomic bomb test. Advice to those entering the chemical industry. Coming importance of biotechnology.
About the Interviewer
Jeffrey L. Sturchio is president and CEO of the Global Health Council. Previously he served as vice president of corporate responsibility at Merck & Co., president of the Merck Company Foundation, and chairman of the U.S. Corporate Council on Africa. Sturchio is currently a visiting scholar at the Institute for Applied Economics and the Study of Business Enterprise at Johns Hopkins University and a member of the Global Agenda Council on the Healthy Next Generation of the World Economic Forum. He received an AB in history from Princeton University and a PhD in the history and sociology of science from the University of Pennsylvania.
Arnold Thackray founded the Chemical Heritage Foundation and served the organization as president for 25 years. He is currently CHF’s chancellor. Thackray received MA and PhD degrees in history of science from Cambridge University. He has held appointments at Cambridge, Oxford University, and Harvard University, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
In 1983 Thackray received the Dexter Award from the American Chemical Society for outstanding contributions to the history of chemistry. He served for more than a quarter century on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania, where he was the founding chairman of the Department of History and Sociology of Science and is currently the Joseph Priestley Professor Emeritus.