Robert M. Hayes

Born: December 3, 1926 | New York, NY, US
Photograph of Robert M. Hayes

Robert Hayes graduated from UCLA in 1947 with a BA in mathematics, and afterwards was drafted into the Navy. He recounts his acceptance into the Navy's V-12 program, and the courses he took for that program at the University of Colorado at Boulder. After the War, Hayes returned to UCLA, where he earned his MA in mathematics in 1949, and his PhD in mathematics in 1952. In 1969, Joseph Becker and Robert Hayes started Becker and Hayes Incorporated, with the purpose of creating an interlibrary network for the State of Washington. Hayes discusses the obstacles he and Becker overcame to accomplish that task, and goes on to recount his work with NCLIS and the SILC system. Hayes concludes the interview with his interpretation of the relationship between information science and library science, and the importance of libraries and librarians.

The information listed below is current as of the date the transcript was finalized.

			

Interview Details

Interview no.: Oral History 0217
No. of pages: 27
Minutes: 98

Interview Sessions

Colin B. Burke
26 February 2001
Los Angeles, California

Abstract of Interview

Robert M. Hayes begins the interview with a discussion of his father's and his stepfather's affect on his life. He describes how he traveled frequently because of his stepfather's acting career, attending over sixteen different high schools before receiving his diploma. Hayes graduated from UCLA in 1947 with a BA in mathematics, and afterwards was drafted into the Navy. He recounts his acceptance into the Navy's V-12 program, and the courses he took for that program at the University of Colorado at Boulder. After the War, Hayes returned to UCLA, where he earned his MA in mathematics in 1949, and his PhD in mathematics in 1952. While earning his PhD , Hayes worked on information science at the National Bureau of Standards. In 1952, he decided to move into industry, and was hired at Hughes Aircraft. He describes his work at Hughes, where he programmed a computer to fly an airplane. Further, he recounts his teaching responsibilities in UCLA's University-extension program, which he continued in parallel with his experiences at Hughes. In 1954, Hayes began working at the National Cash Register Company, and a year later he moved to Magnavox Research Labs. He discusses the important developments in information storage and retrieval at Magnavox, such as the Minicard and the Magnacard systems, and his realization that his efforts at Magnavox could be taught to students. Eventually, Hayes was teaching at locations all over the United States, including American University, the University of Washington, and Wright Patterson Air Force Base. In 1960, Hayes was invited to join the Electrada Corporation, which he did, as vice-president. Hayes relates how, soon after joining Electrada, he and John Postley created Advanced Information Systems as a subsidiary of Electrada. Hayes also explains why he became a fulltime professor at UCLA at that time, and discusses his roles in the formation of the School of Library Service and the Institute for Library Research. In 1969, Joseph Becker and Robert Hayes started Becker and Hayes Incorporated, with the purpose of creating an interlibrary network for the State of Washington. Hayes discusses the obstacles he and Becker overcame to accomplish that task, and goes on to recount his work with NCLIS and the SILC system. Hayes concludes the interview with his interpretation of the relationship between information science and library science, and the importance of libraries and librarians.

Education

Year Institution Degree Discipline
1947 University of California, Los Angeles BA Mathematics
1949 University of California, Los Angeles MA Mathematics
1952 University of California, Los Angeles PhD Mathematics

Professional Experience

National Bureau of Standards

1949 to 1952
Mathematician

Hughes Aircraft Company

1952 to 1954
Technical Staff Member

National Cash Register Company

1954 to 1955
Applications Division

Magnavox Corporation

1955 to 1960
Head of the Business Systems Group

American University

1959 to 1960
Visiting Lecturer

Advanced Information Systems, Incorporated

1960 to 1962
President

University of Washington

1960 to 1962
Visiting Lecturer

Electrada, Incorporated

1960 to 1963
Vice-President and Research Director

University of California, Los Angeles

1954 to 1964
Adjunct Lecturer
1965 to 1970
Director, Institute for Library Research
1974 to 1989
Dean, Graduate School of Library Service, School of Library and Information Science

Becker and Hayes, Incorporated

1969 to 1973
Vice-President
1993 to 1996
Vice-President

University of Illinois at Chicago

1970
Windsor Lecturer

White House Conference on Libraries and Information Sciences

1979
Advisory Council Member

University of New South Wales

1979
Visiting Professor
1994
Visiting Professor

Japanese Universities

1987
Visiting Professor
1994
Visiting Professor

Loughborough University

1989
Visiting Professor

Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated

1990
Consultant

Khazar University

1994
Visiting Professor

Honors

Year(s) Award
1971

Best Information Science Book Award, ASIS

1985

Beta Phi Mu Award, American Library Association

1986

Professional Achievement Award, UCLA Alumni Association

1990

First Tezak Award, University of Zagreb, Croatia

1993

Award of Merit, American Library Association

Table of Contents

Family, Education, and Early Career
1

Recollections of his father and stepfather. Moving to California and attending UCLA. Being drafted into the Navy and joining the V-12 program. Earning his BA, MA, and PhD at UCLA. Working on the mathematical-tables project for division 11 of the Institute for Numerical Analysis.

Returning to UCLA
5

Getting a fellowship at UCLA. Being taught by Grace Hopper. Programming computers. Being in a class with Richard P Feynman. Going to work at Hughes Aircraft Company. Teaching through the University-extension program. Working at the National Cash Register Company, and then for Hughes Dynamics.

Magnavox Research Laboratories
9

Working on the Minicard system for information storage and retrieval. The success of the magnetic disk. Studying the various forms of information storage. Teaching information science at various institutions. Meeting Mortimer Taube at Documentation Incorporated. The Magnacard system.

From Electrada to Becker and Hayes, Inc.
13

Being invited to join Electrada. Creating AIS with John A. Postley. Becoming a fulltime professor at UCLA. The creation of Hughes Dynamics. The founding of the School of Library Service and the Institute for Library Research. Forming Becker and Hayes to develop a library network. Rationalizing the funds for a national library network.

Conclusion
18

Writing the SILC report. The public-sector/private-sector taskforce. Discussing the difference between information and library science. Affirming the importance of libraries and librarians.

Notes
22
Index
23

About the Interviewer

Colin B. Burke

Colin B. Burke had recently retired from the history department at the University of Maryland at Baltimore County and held a research fellowship at Yale University when he came to CHF. He spent his residency working on his book on the history of computer-based scientific information systems and related government policies, from the 1950s through the early 1990s. He received his PhD from Washington University in St. Louis and currently serves as associate professor emeritus at the University of Maryland. He also served as a Fulbright Scholar in Poland and as a scholar-in-residence at the National Security Agency.