Andrew S. Grove

Born: September 2, 1936 | Budapest, HU
Died: Monday, March 21, 2016 | Los Altos, CA, US

Andrew Grove studied fluid dynamics with Andreas Acrivos at the University of California, Berkeley, publishing four papers from a doctoral thesis. He also studied solid state physics and became employed by Fairchild Semiconductor. Grove cites Gordon E. Moore as a decisive factor in accepting the position. Grove had a close relationship to Moore at both Fairchild and Intel Corporation. The combination of personalities of Fairchild Semiconductor executives contributed to its success, a pattern which emerged in Intel Corporation as well after its founding by Grove, Gordon Moore, and Robert Noyce.

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Interview Details

Interview no.: Oral History 0293
No. of pages: 41
Minutes: 210

Interview Sessions

Arnold Thackray and David C. Brock
14 July and 1 September 2004
Los Altos, California

Abstract of Interview

Andrew S. Grove begins the first interview session with a description of his undergraduate life at the City College of New York, where exposure to influential professors shaped his professional outlook and personal demeanor. Grove studied fluid dynamics with Andreas Acrivos at the University of California, Berkeley, publishing four papers from a doctoral thesis. Grove also studied solid state physics and became employed by Fairchild Semiconductor. Grove cites Gordon E. Moore as a decisive factor in accepting the position. Grove had a close relationship to Moore at both Fairchild and Intel Corporation. In the second interview, Grove discusses the design of Fairchild Semiconductor offices and its effect on the accessibility of higher management, as well as the work ethic of the employees. Grove was attracted to an offer from National Semiconductor but remained with Fairchild Semiconductor after being promoted by Robert N. Noyce. The combination of personalities of Fairchild Semiconductor executives contributed to its success, a pattern which emerged in Intel Corporation as well after its founding by Grove, Gordon Moore, and Robert Noyce. Grove concludes his interview with a reflection on the contributions of Moore, Noyce, and himself to the semiconductor industry.

Education

Year Institution Degree Discipline
1960 City College of New York BS Chemical EngineeringChemical Engineering
1963 University of California, Berkeley PhD Chemical Engineering

Professional Experience

Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

1963 to 1966
Technical Staff, Semiconductor Research Laboratory
1966 to 1967
Section Head of Surface and Device Physics, Semiconductor Research Lab
1967 to 1968
Assistant Director, Research Laboratory

University of California, Berkeley

1966 to 1972
Lecturer, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Intel Corporation

1968 to 1975
Vice President and Director of Operations
1974
Director
1975 to 1989
Executive Vice President
1976 to 1987
Chief Operating Officer
1979 to 1987
President
1987 to 1998
Chief Executive Officer
1997
Chairman of the Board

Stanford University

1991
Lecturer, Stanford Graduate School of Business

Honors

Year(s) Award
1960

Best Student Paper Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers

1966

Achievement Award, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

1974

J. J. Ebers Award, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

1975

Certificate of Merit, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia

1979

Elected member, National Academy of Engineering

1980

Townsend Harris Medal, City College of New York

1984

Hall of Fame Award, Information Industries Association

1984

Council of 100 Members, Arizona State University

1985

Honorary Doctor of Science Degree, City College of New York

1987

Ernst Weber Engineering Leadership Recognition Award, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

1989

Honorary Doctor of Engineering Degree, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

1990

George Washington Award, American-Hungarian Foundation

1991

Leadership in Technology Management Award, Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology

1993

Citizen of the Year Award, World Forum of Silicon Valley

1993

Executive of the Year Award, University of Arizona

1993

Medal of Achievement Award, American Engineering Association

1995

Technology Award, Heinz Foundation

1995

John von Neumann Medal, American Hungarian Association

1995

Steinman Medal, City College of New York

1996

Statesman of the Year Award, Harvard Business School

1996

International Achievement Award, World Trade Club

1997

Computer Entrepreneur Award, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

1997

Technology Leader of the Year Award, Industry Week

1997

Man of the Year, Time Magazine

1998

Distinguished Executive of the Year, Academy of Management

2016

Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree, Harvard University

2016

Medal of Honor, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

2016

Lifetime Achievement Award, Strategic Management Society

Table of Contents

Education
1

City College of New York. Fluid dynamics. Undergraduate thesis. Admission to the University of California, Berkeley. Andreas Acrivos. University of California, Berkeley. Paul L. Chambré. Doctoral research. Solid state physics.

Professional Formation
9

Fairchild Semiconductor. Bell Telephone Laboratories. Role of Gordon E. Moore in job selection. Facilitating Gordon Moore's input at Intel Corporation. Value of fluid dynamics education to semiconductor work at Fairchild.

Career at Fairchild Semiconductor
16

Analysis of silicon dioxide surface for MOS devices. Value of previous experiences as background to the work at Fairchild Semiconductor. Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Devices. Promotion. Development of management style to avoid Fairchild Semiconductor difficulties.

Career at Intel Corporation
28

Concept of Intel. Robert N. Noyce's personality. Executive strategy. Gordon Moore's ideals. Gordon Moore's management style. Importance of Gordon Moore's innovation in the technology industry.

Notes
35
Index
38

About the Interviewer

Arnold Thackray

Arnold Thackray founded the Chemical Heritage Foundation and served the organization as president for 25 years. He is currently CHF’s chancellor. Thackray received MA and PhD degrees in history of science from Cambridge University. He has held appointments at Cambridge, Oxford University, and Harvard University, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

In 1983 Thackray received the Dexter Award from the American Chemical Society for outstanding contributions to the history of chemistry. He served for more than a quarter century on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania, where he was the founding chairman of the Department of History and Sociology of Science and is currently the Joseph Priestley Professor Emeritus.

David C. Brock

David C. Brock is a senior research fellow with the Center for Contemporary History and Policy at the Chemical Heritage Foundation. As a historian of science and technology, he specializes in the history of semiconductor science, technology, and industry; the history of instrumentation; and oral history. Brock has studied the philosophy, sociology, and history of science at Brown University, the University of Edinburgh, and Princeton University.

In the policy arena Brock recently published Patterning the World: The Rise of Chemically Amplified Photoresists, a white-paper case study for the Center’s Studies in Materials Innovation. With Hyungsub Choi he is preparing an analysis of semiconductor technology roadmapping, having presented preliminary results at the 2009 meeting of the Industry Studies Association.