A. Donald Green

Born: October 24, 1905 | Boston, MA, US
Died: April 26, 1988 | Mountainside, NJ, US

Green and Asbury recall the IG research organization. The wartime pressures during the development of GR-S, and the problems at the Baton Rouge plant are discussed by Green, while Asbury tells of his visit to Germany with the US Strategic Bombing Survey. The political recriminations of the prewar cooperation between Standard Oil and IG Farben are recollected as are visits to Germany in the 1930s and 1950s. The interview ends with a survey of the postwar move into chemicals, the Ziegler process and the future of the oil and petrochemical industries.

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Interview Details

Interview no.: Oral History 0065
No. of pages: 52
Minutes: 150

Interview Sessions

Peter J T Morris
9 December 1985
Westfield, New Jersey

Abstract of Interview

Joint interview with Willard C. Asbury. Peter Morris starts this interview by asking Donald Green and Willard Asbury about the early years at Standard Oil Development Company and the influence of Frank Howard and Eger Murphree. The arc process is discussed as well as the level of assistance obtained from IG Farben; Green and Asbury recall the IG research organization. The wartime pressures during the development of GR-S, and the problems at the Baton Rouge plant are discussed by Green, while Asbury tells of his visit to Germany with the US Strategic Bombing Survey. The political recriminations of the prewar cooperation between Standard Oil and IG Farben are recollected as are visits to Germany in the 1930s and 1950s. The interview ends with a survey of the postwar move into chemicals, the Ziegler process and the future of the oil and petrochemical industries. NOTE: Both Donald Green and Willard Asbury died before this interview was edited and annotated.

Education

Year Institution Degree Discipline
1926 Massachusetts Institute of Technology SB Chemical Engineering
1927 Massachusetts Institute of Technology SM Chemical Engineering

Professional Experience

Atmospheric Nitrogen Company

1927 to 1929
Chemical Engineer

Solvay Process Company

1929 to 1930
Chemical Engineer

Standard Oil Company

1930 to 1935
Chemical Engineer

Esso Research and Engineering Company

1936 to 1954
Director, Development Division
1955 to 1958
Deputy Coordinator, Chemical Research

Enjay Chemical Company

1958 to 1966
Vice President

Table of Contents

Standard Oil Development Company
1

Recollections of Frank Howard and Eger Murphree. The arc process, assistance from IG Farben. Paul Baumann. Organization of research groups at IG. Martin Müller-Conradi. Butyl rubber process.

Wartime Synthetic Rubber Program
18

Wartime pressures. Development of GR-S. Problems at the Baton Rouge plant. Reactor kinetics. Association with Flory.

Germany
25

Asbury's visit to Germany with US Strategic Bombing Survey; effectiveness of Allied bombing. Rubber from Oil. Recriminations of Standard Oil/IG Farben prewar agreement. Recollections of Germany pre- and postwar. Postwar move into chemicals. The Ziegler process. Future of oil and petrochemical industries.

Notes
47
Index
49

Recollections of Frank Howard and Eger Murphree. The arc process, assistance from IG Farben. Paul Baumann. Organization of research groups at IG. Martin Müller-Conradi. Butyl rubber process.

About the Interviewer

Peter J T Morris

Peter J. T. Morris is currently at the Department of the History of Science and Technology of the Open University, where he is Royal Society-British Academy Research Fellow. Morris was educated at Oxford University receiving his BA, chemistry in 1978; DPhil, modern history in 1983, and he was a research fellow at the Open University from 1982 to 1984. During the period 1985–1987, Peter Morris was Assistant Director for Special Projects at the Beckman Center. He was the Royal Society–British Academy Research Fellow at the Open University, Milton Keynes, between 1987 and 1991, and Edelstein International Fellow in 1991–92. He is author of the monographs, Archives of the British Chemical Industry, 1800–1914 and Polymer Pioneers; his volume The American Synthetic Rubber Research Program was published by the University of Pennsylvania Press in December 1989. Morris also co-edited Milestones in 150 Years of the Chemical Industry in 1991 and The Development of Plastics in 1994.