James M. Goldey

Born: July 3, 1926 | Wilmington, DE, US

James M. Goldey chronicles his involvement with the electronics industry and his career at Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc. He describes his interaction with William B. Shockley, Julius Molnar, Jack Moll, and Ian M. Ross. Goldey continues the interview by describing his work assignments at Bell Labs, along with his involvement with the Nike-X missile, silicon transistors, integrated circuit development, and hybrid circuits.

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Interview Details

Interview no.: Oral History 0306
No. of pages: 105
Minutes: 372

Interview Sessions

David C. Brock and Christophe Lécuyer
18 February and 8 April 2005
Allentown, Pennsylvania

Abstract of Interview

James M. Goldey begins the interview with a discussion about growing up in Wilmington, Delaware. He discusses his education, his involvement with World War II, the influence of the Great Depression, and his early interest in electronics. He also details his education at the University of Delaware and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Next, he chronicles his involvement with the electronics industry and his career at Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc. Then he describes his interaction with William B. Shockley, Julius Molnar, Jack Moll, and Ian M. Ross. Goldey continues the interview by describing his work assignments at Bell Labs, along with his involvement with the Nike-X missile, silicon transistors, integrated circuit development, and hybrid circuits. Finally, he recounts his accomplishments at Bell Labs and his involvement with historical works about the transistor and integrated circuits. Goldey concludes the interview by reflecting on his career and the industry.

Education

Year Institution Degree Discipline
1950 University of Delaware BS Physics
1955 Massachusetts Institute of Technology PhD Physics

Professional Experience

Bell Laboratories

1954 to 1989
Director, Linear and High Voltage Integrated Circuit Laboratory

Honors

Year(s) Award
1969

Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Table of Contents

Education and Early Career
1

Family history. Early education in Delaware. World War II. Early interest in science. Grace Methodist Church. The Great Depression. The University of Delaware. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Robert N. Noyce and Sanborn C. Brown.

Early Career
18

Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc. Ted S. Benedict. William B. Shockley. Julius Molnar. John Hornbeck. John K. Galt. Jack Morton. Ian M. Ross. Research at Bell Labs. Morris Tanenbaum. Jack A. Moll. NPN transistors. PNP transistor.

Work Assignments
26

Making a PNPN switch device. Silicon. Visiting William Shockley's lab. James M. Early. Diffused silicon transistor. PNP diffused base transistor. Carl Frosh. Integrated circuits. Epitaxy. Ian Macintosh. Photolithography. Volume production. Director of transistor development. Competition with other companies. Nike missile. Head of silicon transistor and integrated circuit development. Hybrid circuits. IEEE. Harold Sello.

Bell Lab Accomplishments and Suppliers
69

Nike-X project. Hybrid circuits in ESS. Western Electric Company. Varian Inc. Reading Pennsylvania. Gallium phosphide. Solid State Device and Materials Lab. Morgan Sparks. Historical works. The History of the Transistor. The History of the Integrated Circuits.

Conclusions
86

Retirement. IEEE. Science News. The Teaching Company. Grandchildren. General reflections.

Notes
88
Index
90

About the Interviewer

Christophe Lécuyer

Christophe Lécuyer is a graduate of the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, and he received a PhD in history from Stanford University. He was a fellow of the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology and has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, and the University of Virginia. Before becoming a senior research fellow at CHF, Lécuyer was the program manager of the electronic materials department. He has published widely on the history of electronics, engineering education, and medical and scientific instruments, and is the author of Making Silicon Valley: Innovation and the Growth of High Tech, 1930–1970 (2005).

David C. Brock

David C. Brock is a senior research fellow with the Center for Contemporary History and Policy at the Chemical Heritage Foundation. As a historian of science and technology, he specializes in the history of semiconductor science, technology, and industry; the history of instrumentation; and oral history. Brock has studied the philosophy, sociology, and history of science at Brown University, the University of Edinburgh, and Princeton University.

In the policy arena Brock recently published Patterning the World: The Rise of Chemically Amplified Photoresists, a white-paper case study for the Center’s Studies in Materials Innovation. With Hyungsub Choi he is preparing an analysis of semiconductor technology roadmapping, having presented preliminary results at the 2009 meeting of the Industry Studies Association.