The information listed below is current as of the date the transcript was finalized.
Abstract of Interview
Eugene Garfield begins the interview with a discussion of The Johns Hopkins University Welch Library indexing project. Garfield joined this project in 1951, during which he became involved in machine methods for indexing and searching literature. He worked on automating Current List of Medical Literature and experimented with punched cards and zato coding. During his tenure there, he helped to organize a symposium to demonstrate the project's work, at which he met many pioneering information scientists. Also while at the project, Garfield developed his idea for Contents in Advance. He discusses his relationship with Sanford V. Larkey, and his decision to attended library school at Columbia University. After graduating, Garfield joined Smith, Kline & French as a consultant. He eventually set up his own company, DocuMation, Inc., and worked on many projects, including a Genetics Citation Index for the NIH and Management’s DocuMation Preview. Garfield discusses the development of Current Contents, the growth of his business, and the challenges he encountered. In the 1960s, he launched Science Citation Index, a concept that was later expanded to include other fields of literature. Garfield was also involved in many professional organizations throughout his career, including the Information Industry Association (IIA). He addresses the evolution of his company, Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), his colleagues, and his decision to sell ISI. Garfield concludes the interview with a discussion of his experience with VINITI, changes in library education, and the future role of the Internet.
|1954||Columbia University||MS||Library Science|
|1961||University of Pennsylvania||PhD||Structural Linguistics|
Evans Research and Development Corporation
Johns Hopkins University
Eugene Garfield Associates
Institute for Scientific Information
American Society for Information Science & Technology (ASIS&T)
The Scientist, LLC
|1953 to 1954||
Grolier Society Fellow, Columbia University
Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
Fellow, Institute of Information Scientists
Award of Merit, American Society of Information Scientists
Hall of Fame Award, Information Industry Association
Herman Skolnik Award, Division of Chemical Information, American Chemical Society
Book Award for Best Information Science Book of 1977
Award, Chemical Notation Society
Patterson-Crane Award, American Chemical Society
John Price Wetherill Medal, Franklin Institute
Derek J. de Solla Price Memorial Medal, Scientometrics
John Scott Award, City of Philadelphia
Distinguished Alumni Award, Columbia University, School of Library Service
Doctor (honoris causa), Vrije University, Brussels, Belgium
Honorary PhD, State University of New York, Albany
Honorary Fellow, Society for Technical Communication
Honorary PhD , Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia
Honorary Fellow, Medical Libraries Association
Honorary Foreign Member, Institute of Marine Biology, Vladivostok, Russia
MD (honoris causa), University of Rome, Tor Vergata, Italy
MD (honoris causa), Charles University, Czech Republic
Avenue of Technology Award, Philadephia, Pennsylvania
Professor Kaula Award for Library and Information Science, India
Richard J. Bolte, Sr., Award for Supporting Industries, Chemical Heritage Foundation
Table of Contents
Producing the Current List of Medical Literature. Efforts at automation. Using the IBM 101. Punched card technology. Welch Conference. Colleagues. Leaving the project.
Publishing Contents in Advance. Attending library school at Columbia. Forming DocuMation, Inc. Consulting for Smith, Kline & French. NIH grant. Management’s DocuMation Preview. Contract with Bell Labs. Changing name to Eugene Garfield Associates. Current Contents. Working with Claire Schultz. Subscriptions. Copyright difficulties.
Launching Science Citation Index. Financial problems. Competing with Chemical Abstracts. Index Chemicus. Using the Wiswesser system. Genetics Citation Index. Colleagues at ISI.
Utilization of citation indexes. Database. Interest in a book citation index.
NSF grant to Chemical Abstracts Service. Founding of IIA. NFAIS for non-profits.
Controversy with Scientific American. Evolution of ISI. Decision to sell ISI. Experience with VINITI. Future of library education. Role of Internet.
About the Interviewer
Robert V. Williams is a professor of library and information science at the University of South Carolina. He holds a PhD in library and information studies from the University of Wisconsin, Madison; an MS in library and information science from Florida State University; and an MA in history from New York University. Before joining the University of South Carolina in 1978, he was an archivist and information services manager for the Ford Foundation, and the Georgia Department of Archives and History. Williams has also been an information consultant for many organizations including Appalachian Council of Governments of Greenville, South Carolina, and Pontifical Catholic University Madre y Maestra, Dominican Republic. He came to the Chemical Heritage Foundation as the Eugene Garfield Fellow in the History of Scientific Information in 1997. He is a member of the South Carolina Historical Records Advisory Board, the American Library Association (ALA), and the American Society for Information Science (ASIS), where he served as chair of ASIS History and Foundations of Information Science Special Interest Group in 1994–1995. Williams is also a member of the Special Libraries Association (SLA) and Chair of the SLA Membership Committee. Williams has numerous publications on the historical role of information science.