Joseph P. Dougherty

Born: July 19, 1952 | Queens, NY, US

Joseph P. Dougherty attended New York University for his undergraduate degree, where he became interested in genetic manipulations and gene therapy. After working as a lab technician at Mount Sinai Hospital, he undertook his graduate work at Yale University with Peter Lengyel. Dougherty then pursued post-doctoral research with Pierre Chambon in Strasbourg, France and subsequently with Howard Temin at the University of Wisconsin. The two very different post-doctoral experiences allowed Dougherty the opportunity to discuss funding and science in different countries and different types of academic institutions. Throughout the interview Dougherty talks openly about issues related to funding and his persistent interest in moving to France, and, additionally, the duty of the scientist to educate people. 

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Interview Details

Interview no.: Oral History 0500
No. of pages: 240
Minutes: 550

Interview Sessions

Neil D. Hathaway
7, 11, 18, and 21 May 1993
The Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Piscataway, New Jersey

Abstract of Interview

Joseph P. Dougherty begins his oral history with a discussion of his youth in various parts of New York City and raises such topics as his family's religion and his father's experiences with the local unions. Dougherty received an education at a liberal Catholic high school where he became involved in the sciences. He attended New York University (NYU) for his undergraduate degree, which he felt was academically interesting because of the opportunity to pursue all manner of mathematics and science. Dougherty lived in and experienced Greenwich Village, a broad cultural education, though while at NYU, Dougherty became interested in genetic manipulations and gene therapy. (He also became a competitive street handball player in New York City during his undergraduate years. ) Before pursuing graduate research, Dougherty worked as a laboratory technician with Arnold M. Katz and Munekazu Shigekawa at Mount Sinai Hospital. He undertook his graduate work at Yale University with Peter Lengyel in the biophysics department; because of his laboratory experiences at Mount Sinai, he was an accomplished researcher when he began his PhD work at Yale. Following the completion of his PhD , Dougherty pursued post-doctoral research with Pierre Chambon in Strasbourg, France and subsequently with Howard Temin at the University of Wisconsin. The two very different post-doctoral experiences allowed Dougherty the opportunity to discuss funding and science in different countries and different types of academic institutions. Throughout the interview Dougherty talks openly about issues related to funding and his persistent interest in moving to France, and, additionally, the duty of the scientist to educate people. 

Education

Year Institution Degree Discipline
1975 New York University BS
1982 Yale University PhD

Professional Experience

Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg

1983 to 1984
Postdoctoral Fellow

University of Wisconsin, Madison

1985 to 1988
Postdoctoral Fellow

The Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

1988 to 1995
Assistant Professor, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
1995 to 2017
Associate Professor, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology

Honors

Year(s) Award
1975

Founding Day Award, New York University

1983 to 1985

American Cancer Society Postdoctoral Fellowship

1985 to 1987

National Institutes of Health Postdoctoral Fellowship

1988 to 1992

Pew Scholar in the Biomedical Sciences

1989 to 1994

National Institutes of Health FIRST Award

1989 to 1991

March of Dimes Basil O'Connor Starter Research Award

Table of Contents

Childhood
1

Family background. Father's employment and association with unions. Growing up in New York City. Experiencing racism around him. High school education. Relationship with younger twin siblings.

Principal Investigator
44

Possibility of moving to France. Funding sources in France and the United States.

College Education
65

Science courses at New York University. Interest in genetic manipulations. Ethical responses to gene therapy. Health insurance and gene therapy. Competitive street handball player. Relationship between competition and sports.

Time as Principal Investigator
94

Teaching load. Staying current with the literature. Opportunities to teach about HIV transmission. Debunking myths about HIV. Future of HIV therapies. Slowing rate of infection in murine systems.

Funding
120

Pew Biomedical Scholars money. In press papers. Applying new technologies to HIV issues.

Graduate Work
132

PhD research at Yale University. Pre-graduate school technician work with Arnold M. Katz and Munekazu Shigekawa. Conflicts with a post-doc near end of PhD.

Post-Doctoral Research
192

Interest in Howard Temin's laboratory. Job offer at new Yale Howard Hughes Medical Institute with Dick Gershon. Research with Pierre Chambon. Research with Temin. Dislike of the University of Wisconsin.

Index
235

About the Interviewer

Neil D. Hathaway