The information listed below is current as of the date the transcript was finalized.
Abstract of Interview
Susan Curry moved to Ambler, Pennsylvania in 1998. Wanting to live sustainably, she joined Alliance for a Sustainable Future, took a master's degree in environmental studies and psychology, and joined the newly founded Ambler Environmental Advisory Council (EAC), a committee appointed by the Borough of Ambler Council. This prompted her attendance at Borough Council meetings. She also won a grant to develop policies to manage the care of the trees downtown. Curry moved to Ambler just as a five-year review by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the remediated asbestos piles found everything all right. She had not previously been aware of the asbestos hazard. She feels she lives too far from the piles to be affected, and asbestos-caused diseases are too slow-growing to harm her. She worries about demolition of the Borough's remaining older buildings, which have asbestos siding. Curry talks about her role in the establishment of the community advisory group (CAG) when the EPA listed the BoRit Superfund site on the National Priorities List, and she explains the structure and workings of the CAG. Curry describes the CAG meetings, with their occasional disputes among the different interests represented. She believes that most people are not sure there even is a risk from the asbestos; others feel that every fiber must be removed entirely; the West Ambler citizens, closest to the piles, generally do not attend meetings. To complicate matters, there is apparently a change in the science regarding asbestos fibers. Curry thinks the EPA's hundred-year-storm standard for remediation is not adequate; she wants EPA to use a five-hundred-year storm standard. She had belonged to the Removal and Remedial Monitoring workgroup of the CAG and thinks that they should be requiring the EPA to test the ground under the pond, which is now having the water removed and cleaned, for all kinds of toxic substances. She praises Salvatore Boccuti's aerial photos of the site; information is also available from the EPA's weekly reports; from the on-site coordinator, Eduardo Rovira; and from the website. Her ambition to produce another report from the CAG was rebuffed. The Ambler movie theater renovation was the big attraction for Curry. She agrees that the town is vibrant; in fact, parking is a problem now. All of this is a result of good community efforts and strong local leaders, like the current Borough Manager. She believes asbestos is not a concern for most people. She hopes for progressives on the Borough Council. Curry wants Ambler to be a self-sustaining community. Asked what lessons Ambler has for other communities, Curry stresses the importance of establishing a CAG, getting aerial photos, demanding quarterly tours of the remediation. Communities should research previous Superfund sites. Be sure the EPA does not define too small an area for the site boundaries. Make use of Technical Assistance Services for Communities (TASC) for gathering and interpreting information. Curry finishes her interview with a few more thoughts about Ambler's experience, a few more worries about DEP's permitting process, and a lot more hopes for an increase in the Borough Council's interest and role.
Table of Contents
Director of Project SEED. Moved to Ambler in 1998. Description of living requirements. Ambler dead but close to partner's job. Knowledge of history. Wanted to revitalize town.
Joined Alliance for a Sustainable Future. Back to school for master's degree in environmental studies and psychology. Helped activate the Environmental Advisory Council (EAC), an appointed committee of Borough of Ambler Council. Wrote grants to fund EAC activities. Began to attend Borough Council meetings. Won Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development (DCED) grant to develop policies for downtown tree management.
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) five-year review of remediated piles; said everything all right. Citizens for a Better Ambler (CBA) and Sharon McCormick. CBA segues into community advisory group (CAG); members vetted by EPA. Structure of CAG; Borough Council low interest in membership. Mayor Wahl. No concerns for her health. Many houses with asbestos siding; demolition or renovation dangerous to environment. Feels she is too far from site and too old to care about danger.
Learning about EPA's plans, sometimes after the fact. CAG meetings sometimes contentious; several interest groups represented. Sharon McCormick's dominance. Different opinions about risk level and amelioration of risk. Most not sure there is any risk. West Ambler uncomfortable at meetings, so does not attend; wants park. Change in science of asbestos hazard. Input not particularly welcomed by EPA. Wants asbestos gone, as does McCormick.
Uses worst-case standard for remediation: Curry wants five-hundred-year storm as standard. Removal and Remedial Monitoring workgroup wants land under pond to be tested. Competition among Superfund sites for funds. Getting information from aerial photography from Salvatore Boccuti; EPA's weekly reports; occasional newspaper press release; on-site coordinator Eduardo Rovira. Website good but overwhelming. Dispute with McCormick.
Movie theater renovation big attraction for Curry. Town becoming vibrant; has restaurants. Parking a problem now. Good community efforts and strong local leaders. Likes Borough Manager. Asbestos not a big problem; food sustainability her hobby. Hopes for progressives on Borough Council; wants trees properly cared for and improvements to natural park.
Establish a CAG. Get aerial photography. Demand quarterly tours of remediation. Compare other Superfund sites; evaluate their success; consider the probability of treatment failure. Control boundaries of site; do not accept EPA's boundaries. Use Technical Assistance Services for Communities (TASC) for information.
Used TASC to ask about toxic seepage into wells. Want Army Corps of Engineers to evaluate berm around pond. Questions about air sampling after remediation: what techniques, what frequencies, what distances between samples, etc. Worries about Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection permitting development of private land; much land with asbestos-containing waste. Borough Council's role. BoRit site more extensive than remediated area; insufficiently treated.
About the Interviewer
Lee Sullivan Berry earned a master’s degree in medieval studies from the University of Notre Dame, and a bachelor of arts degree in religious studies from the University of Pennsylvania. As a staff member in the Center for Oral History, Berry conducts background research and oral history interviews, edits transcripts of completed interviews, and coordinates with interviewers and interviewees to finalize transcripts. She was the lead interviewer for the REACH Ambler project and has presented her work at meetings of the American Society for Environmental History and Oral History in the Mid-Atlantic Region.