Dexter F. Baker

Born: April 16, 1927 | Worcester, MA, US
Died: Thursday, November 1, 2012 | Houston, TX, US

Dexter F. Baker discusses his early life in the suburbs of Philadelphia during World War II. He was drafted into the US Navy after graduating from high school and admitted into the Naval Academy Preparatory program. Later, he studied mechanical engineering at Lehigh University, developing an interest in turbines. Baker was drafted again, serving the US Army during the Korean War in engineering research and development laboratories and working on high-speed, small-size gas turbine engines. Eventually, Baker resumed his career in industry and business, working in a variety of positions including sales, president of air products, and Chairman of the Board. 

The information listed below is current as of the date the transcript was finalized.

			

Interview Details

Interview no.: Oral History 0131
No. of pages: 34
Minutes: 122

Interview Sessions

James J. Bohning
27 January 1995
Naples, Florida

Abstract of Interview

Dexter Baker begins the interview by discussing his childhood and early education in the suburbs of Philadelphia. After graduating from Upper Darby High in 1945, Baker was drafted into the US Navy and admitted to the Naval Academy Preparatory program. Before he completed the program, however, World War II ended, and Baker was discharged. He then enrolled at Lehigh University, where he studied mechanical engineering and developed an interest in turbines. After graduating in 1950, Baker took a job with Allis-Chalmers but was soon drafted into the US Army and served in the Korean War. While in the Army, Baker was appointed to the engineering research and development laboratories, where he worked on the development of high-speed, small-size gas turbine engines. After he had completed his two years in the Army, Baker accepted a position with Air Products and Chemicals in Emmaus, Pennsylvania. He worked in sales while attending night school at Lehigh to earn his MBA degree. He was soon sent to England to begin a division of Air Products in Europe. A decade later, Baker returned to the United States and completed his climb up the corporate ladder, becoming president of Air Products in 1978 and Chairman of the Board in 1986. 

Education

Year Institution Degree Discipline
1950 Lehigh University BS Mechanical Engineering
1957 Lehigh University MBA

Professional Experience

US Navy

1945 to 1946
Seaman First Class

US Army

1950 to 1952
Corps Engineer, Private First Class

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.

1952 to 1956
Sales Engineer
1956 to 1957
General Sales Manager, Process Equipment
1957 to 1964
Managing Director, Air Products Limited
1964 to 1967
Chief Executive of Air Products Operations in Europe
1964 to 1998
Board of Directors
1967 to 1978
Executive Vice President
1978 to 1986
President
1986 to 1992
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
1990 to 1992
Chairman of the Board, President
1992 to 1998
Chairman, Executive Committee, Board of Directors

Honors

Year(s) Award
1991

Chemical Industry Award, Society of Chemical Industry

Table of Contents

Early Years
1

Born in Massachusetts. Raised in suburban Philadelphia. Experience in naval academy. First employment at Allis-Chalmers. Experience in US Army. Marriage to Dorothy Hess.

Education and Early Career
3

Attending Lehigh University. Working at Allis-Chalmers. Interest in Air Products in Emmaus, Pennsylvania. Job as sales engineer with Air Products. Meets with Ed Donley.

Air Products & Chemical, Inc.
6

Personal goals at Air Products. Head of sales of oxygen plants for the chemical Industry. Competition with Union Carbide.

Higher Education
9

MBA degree from Lehigh. Thesis sent to Leonard Pool.

Air Products, England
10

Two year assignment in UK. Starting of Air Products Europe. Business experiences overseas.

International Expansion of American Industry
16

Lessons of international expansion. Advantages of melding different experiences to create stronger companies.

Upper Management at Air Products
17

Executive vice presidency. Expansion into Canada. Presidency.

Innovation
21

Importance of innovation at Air Products. Challenge of running innovative, multinational chemical company. Management techniques. Importance of risk taking. Environmental responsibility.

Final Reflections
30

Thoughts on the chemical industry.

Notes
31
Index
32

About the Interviewer

James J. Bohning

James J. Bohning was professor emeritus of chemistry at Wilkes University, where he had been a faculty member from 1959 to 1990. He served there as chemistry department chair from 1970 to 1986 and environmental science department chair from 1987 to 1990. Bohning was chair of the American Chemical Society’s Division of the History of Chemistry in 1986; he received the division’s Outstanding Paper Award in 1989 and presented more than forty papers at national meetings of the society. Bohning was on the advisory committee of the society’s National Historic Chemical Landmarks Program from its inception in 1992 through 2001 and is currently a consultant to the committee. He developed the oral history program of the Chemical Heritage Foundation, and he was CHF’s director of oral history from 1990 to 1995. From 1995 to 1998, Bohning was a science writer for the News Service group of the American Chemical Society. In May 2005, he received the Joseph Priestley Service Award from the Susquehanna Valley Section of the American Chemical Society.  Bohning passed away in September 2011.