Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Roger S. Borovoy worked as counsel at both Fairchild Camera Instrument Corporation and Intel Corporation, placing him at the heart of the semiconductor revolution in America. He begins his oral history discussing his choice of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for his undergraduate degree, as well as his early interest in the law, especially patent law. Aftera short period of time at Chevron Research, Borovoy began to work as Patent Counsel at Fairchild Camera Instrument Corporation, meeting Gordon Moore; Borovoy quickly became entrenched in the burgeoning electronics industry and legal issues surrounding intellectual property and patents. After fighting legal battles with Motorola, and dealing with international licensing issues, he moved on to working for Intel in 1974. Throughout the remainder of the oral history, Borovoy reflects upon the AMD processor agreement, the Chip Protection Act, Gordon Moore and the culture of Intel, as well as his life after leaving Intel. He provides great insight into what life was like in technology development from the 1960s to the present, the way fortunes were won and lost, and how a select group of people changed the world. 

Andrew S. Grove begins the first interview session with a description of his undergraduate life at the City College of New York, where exposure to influential professors shaped his professional outlook and personal demeanor. Grove studied fluid dynamics with Andreas Acrivos at the University of California, Berkeley, publishing four papers from a doctoral thesis. Grove also studied solid state physics and became employed by Fairchild Semiconductor. Grove cites Gordon E. Moore as a decisive factor in accepting the position. Grove had a close relationship to Moore at both Fairchild and Intel Corporation. In the second interview, Grove discusses the design of Fairchild Semiconductor offices and its effect on the accessibility of higher management, as well as the work ethic of the employees. Grove was attracted to an offer from National Semiconductor but remained with Fairchild Semiconductor after being promoted by Robert N. Noyce. The combination of personalities of Fairchild Semiconductor executives contributed to its success, a pattern which emerged in Intel Corporation as well after its founding by Grove, Gordon Moore, and Robert Noyce. Grove concludes his interview with a reflection on the contributions of Moore, Noyce, and himself to the semiconductor industry.

Jean C. Jones begins her interview by discussing her family life and how she began working at Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation. She talks about her early interactions with Gordon E. Moore and Robert N. Noyce. She details how she became a full-time secretary for Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation and her involvement with the Research and Development Laboratory and her supervisor, Victor Grinich. Jones chronicles her daily life while working at Fairchild and shares engaging stories about Gordon and Robert. Jones continues the interview by describing the move from Fairchild Semiconductor to the Intel Corporation. She recounts stories about the daily interactions in the office and details the working relationship between several of the staff including Andrew S. Grove, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore. Jones discusses Gordon Moore as CEO of Intel, her interaction with the Board of Directors and her communication with Craig Barrett and Max Palevsky. Finally, Jones reflects on Gordon Moore's character and what she is most proud of from her association with the Intel Corporation.

Julius Blank begins the interview with a look at his childhood and early education. He graduated high school at the age of fifteen and began taking classes at the City College of New York while working various jobs. When Blank turned eighteen, he enlisted and was sent to Europe to serve during the end of World War II. When he came home he finished college with the aid of the GI Bill and received a degree in mechanical engineering. Blank worked as an engineer at Babcock and Wilcox Company in Ohio, and then moved to Goodyear Aircraft. After two years, he and his wife moved back to New York where Blank got a job at Western Electric. In 1956, Blank was asked to join Shockley Semiconductor in California. He and his family moved to Palo Alto, where Blank worked on crystal growing for Shockley. Blank met Gordon Moore at Shockley, and eventually joined Moore and six other Shockley colleagues to form Fairchild Semiconductor. Blank first worked on crystal growing and research and development at Fairchild, but later helped set up assembly plants overseas. In 1969 Blank left Fairchild to become an independent consultant. Blank concludes the interview with some final thoughts on Gordon Moore. 

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